The price of gas, with answers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The price of gas

To get a handle on the difference between these ways of doing things with words, see if you can say what the difference is between these comments on the price of gas.

1. Gas is expensive.

 

2. Gas is too expensive.

 

3. Gas is too expensive because of the war in Iraq.

 

4. Gas is too expensive because people can’t even afford to drive to work anymore.

 

5. “Gas is too expensive” means that people can’t afford it.

 

6. Get a hybrid –gas is expensive.

 

7. Gas is too expensive: even my boss is taking the bus nowadays.

 

8. If gas prices keep rising, service stations may start requiring you pay with cash.

 

Answers:

1. Gas is expensive.

This is a report.

 

2. Gas is too expensive.

It makes sense to call this an opinion or statement of belief; the “too” indicates an element of judgment that could be due to individual circumstances.

 

3. Gas is too expensive because of the war in Iraq.

This is claiming to tell the reason why: so it’s an explanation.

 

4. Gas is too expensive because people can’t even afford to drive to work anymore.

This is giving a reason to believe it’s too expensive, so it’s an argument.

 

5. “Gas is too expensive” means that people can’t afford it.

This is “explaining” what it means to say that gas is too expensive, so it’s an explication.

 

6. Get a hybrid –gas is expensive.

This is a piece of advice, supported, however. So it’s not just a piece of advice; we’d have to admit it offers an argument.

 

7. Gas is too expensive: even my boss is taking the bus nowadays.

This is an illustration of the problem.

 

8. If gas prices keep rising, service stations may start requiring you pay with cash.

This is a conditional statement.

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